Irreverent Impiety

Repozitorij stvari o kojima ne žele da razmišljate.

Bog kaže da te smijem ubiti

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SAD – Smrtna kazna argumentirana citatom iz Starog zavjeta

“Ali ako tko udari koga gvozdenim predmetom te ga usmrti, to je onda ubojica. Ubojica mora glavom platiti. Udari li ga iz ruke kamenom od kojega čovjek može poginuti i zbilja pogine, to je opet ubojica. Ubojica mora glavom platiti. Ili ako ga udari iz ruke kakvim drvenim predmetom od kojega može umrijeti i zbilja umre, i to je ubojica. Ubojica mora glavom platiti. Krvni osvetnik mora sam ubojicu usmrtiti. Kad ga sretne, neka ga ubije. Nadalje, ako tko koga gurne iz mržnje ili na nj nešto baci namjerno te ga usmrti, ili ga udari rukom iz zlobe te udareni umre, napadač mora zaglaviti – on je ubojica. Krvni osvetnik neka ubojicu ubije čim ga sretne.”

STARI ZAVJET, KNJIGA BROJEVA, 35, (16-19)

Porota teksaškoga suda je na temelju gore navedenog citata 1998. god. osudila Khristiana Olivera na smrtnu kaznu zbog ubojstva Joea Collinsa (64).  Nakon provjere načina donošenja presude od strane porote, Oliverovi su odvjetnici otkrili da su neki porotnici koristili gornji pasus kako bi uvjerili ostale članove na opravdanost smrtne kazne. Naime, Collins je ubijen hicem iz vatrenog oružja i višestrukim udarcima drvenim predmetom. Član sudske porote Michael Brenneisen priznao je novinarima da mu je Biblija poslužila kao glavna inspiracija pri odlučivanju:  “Pitao sam se što bi Bog odlučio da je na našem mjestu”.

Nadalje, Brenneisen je priznao da kada bi postojao sukob između državnih i biblijskih zakona, potonji bi u svakom slučaju trebali imati veću težinu. Oliverovi su se odvjetnici obratili Prizivnom (tj. apelacijskom) sudu, naglašavajući da je presuda donesena na temelju vanjskog čimbenika koji nema pravno uporište i nije u izravnom odnosu sa predmetnim slučajem. Suci, odvjetnici i pravnici su podijeljeni po tom pitanju – jedni tvrde da je Bibilja sastavni dio američke kulture te kao takva može slobodno poslužiti kao “izvor nadahnuća i utjehe”, pa čak i u sklopu sudskih procesa; dok drugi ukazuju na apsurd korištenja štiva koje nema ama baš nikakve veze s kaznenim i pravnim sustavom. Kako god bilo, dana 14 kolovoza 2008., suci Prizivnog suda donijeli su sljedeću odluku:

East Texas jurors wrongly used a Bible during deliberations in a capital murder case, but there isn’t  enough evidence to show they were prejudiced when they decided to send the perpetrator to  death row.

Drugim riječima, potvrđena je smrtna kazna. Odvjetnici obrane namjeravaju se obratiti Vrhovnom sudu, no uzimajući u obzir prethodna odbijanja sličnih zahtjeva, postoji velika vjerojatnost da će Khristian Oliver biti osuđen na smrtnu kaznu nakon 10 godina provedenih u Death Rowu.

Izvori:

UAAR – (Unione degli Atei e degli Agnostici Razionalisti)

KTBS 3

ASSOCIATED PRESS

Written by Teomondo Scrofalo

23. 8. 2008. at 10:54

3 Odgovora

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  1. Idem na opciju “nešto” jer sam u žurbi.😉

    USA: Texas execution looms after jury consult Bible

    2009-10-12 09:28:35

    Amnesty International Press release
    9 October 2009

    As the international community prepares to mark the World Day Against the Death Penalty on 10 October, Amnesty International has highlighted two cases of people facing execution – one in the USA, one in Iran.

    A Texas man who faces execution after jurors at his trial consulted the Bible when deliberating his fate should have his death sentence commuted, Amnesty International said on Friday.

    Khristian Oliver, 32, is set to be killed on 5 November after jurors used Biblical passages supporting the death penalty to help them decide whether he should live or die.

    Amnesty International is calling on the Texas authorities to commute Khristian Oliver’s death sentence. The organization considers that the jurors’ use of the Bible during their sentencing deliberations raises serious questions about their impartiality.

    A US federal appeals court acknowledged last year that the jurors’ use of the Bible amounted to an “external influence” prohibited under the US Constitution, but nonetheless upheld the death sentence.

    Khristian Oliver was sentenced to death in 1999 for a murder committed during a burglary. According to accomplice testimony at the trial, 20-year-old Oliver shot the victim before striking him on the head with a rifle butt.

    After the trial, evidence emerged that jurors had consulted the Bible during their sentencing deliberations. At a hearing in June 1999, four of the jurors recalled that several Bibles had been present and highlighted passages had been passed around.

    One juror had read aloud from the Bible to a group of fellow jurors, including the passage, “And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death”.

    The judge ruled that the jury had not acted improperly and this was upheld by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals.

    In 2002, a Danish journalist interviewed a fifth juror. The latter said that “about 80 per cent” of the jurors had “brought scripture into the deliberation”, and that the jurors had consulted the Bible “long before we ever reached a verdict”.

    He told the journalist he believed “the Bible is truth from page 1 to the last page”, and that if civil law and biblical law were in conflict, the latter should prevail. He said that if he had been told he could not consult the Bible, “I would have left the courtroom”. He described himself as a death penalty supporter, saying life imprisonment was a “burden” on the taxpayer.

    In 2008, the US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit found that the jurors had “crossed an important line” by consulting specific passages in the Bible that described the very facts at issue in the case. This amounted to an “external influence” on the jury prohibited under the US Constitution.

    However, it concluded that under the “highly deferential standard” by which federal courts should review state court decisions, Oliver had failed to prove that he had been prejudiced by this unconstitutional juror conduct. In April 2009, the US Supreme Court refused to take the case, despite being urged to take it by nearly 50 former US federal and state prosecutors.

    Teomondo Scrofalo

    16. 10. 2009. at 14:27


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